U.S. Citizenship Through Naturalization
Naturalization is the process by which foreign citizens or nationals are granted United States citizenship once they fulfill the requirements Congress set in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Generally speaking, the applicant must:
- Be at least 18 years of age at the time of filing the form N-400.
- Have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for at least five years (or three years if they have been married to and living with a spouse who has been a U.S. citizen for at least three years).
- Have been physically present in the U.S. for at least 30 of 60 months, but without having been outside the U.S. for a continuous period of six months or more (with exceptions), prior to application.
- Have lived within the applicant’s state of residence for at least three months.
- Have lived continuously in the U.S. from the date of application up to the time of naturalization.
- Be a person of good moral character, abiding by the principles of the U.S. Constitution and favoring good order and happiness.
- Have knowledge and an understanding of U.S. history and government.
- Be able to read, write and speak the English language (with exceptions).